Bilateral Relations

Turkey Turkey

General information

The Republic of Turkey officially recognized the Republic of Armenia on 24 December 1991, but diplomatic relations have not been established.

In 1993, Turkey unilaterally closed its air and land borders with Armenia, and then, in 1995, reopened its air border.

The opening of the land border and establishment of diplomatic relations failed due to a number of Turkey’s preconditions, particularly, to return to Azerbaijan the areas under the control of Nagorno-Karabakh and retain from the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide.

Since 1991, several attempts have been made to normalize the bilateral relations. In 2008, at the initiative of Armenian side, another phase of Armenian-Turkish relations was started. As a result, on October 10, 2009 in Zurich, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of two countries signed the “Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey” and “Protocol on development of relations between of the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey”. However, Turkey rejected to implement the agreements on the normalization of the relations within a reasonable timeframe and without any preconditions, linking the ratification of the Protocols in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey to the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue. Taking into account the situation created by Turkey, as well as the call of the Political Council of the parties-members of the ruling coalition, on April 22, 2010 the President of the Republic of Armenia signed a decree on the suspension of the process of ratifications of the Protocols. On February 16, 2015 the protocols were called back from the National Assembly according to the decree signed by President of the Republic of Armenia. On March 1, 2018 the President of the Republic of Armenia signed a decree on termination of the procedure of signing of the Armenian-Turkish Protocols.

In 2021, the new process aimed at the normalization of Armenian-Turkish relations gradually began to intensify. In a separate sub-item of the Foreign Policy section of the five-year program of the Government of the Republic of Armenia it is stated: "Today, the Republic of Armenia is ready to make efforts to normalize relations with Turkey. Moving forward without preconditions, the parties should work together to create an atmosphere of mutual trust in order to gradually establish normal relations".

On December, 2021 both Armenia and Turkey announced the appointment of special representatives for the normalization of relations and the possibility of resuming charter flights.

On January 14, 2022 The first meeting of the special representatives of the Armenia-Turkey settlement process, Ruben Rubinyan and Serdar Kılıç, took place in Moscow. The special representatives exchanged their initial views on the settlement process through the Armenia-Turkey dialogue. The parties agreed to continue negotiations for a full settlement without preconditions.


September 6, 2008

Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited Yerevan to watch a football match between the

 national teams of Armenia and Turkey.

October 14, 2009

President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan visited Bursa on a return visit to watch a football

match between the national teams of Armenia and Turkey.

December 12, 2013

In the framework of a session of the BSEC, the delegation headed by

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu arrived in Yerevan.

August 28, 2014

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia Edward Nalbandian attended the inauguration

ceremony of newly-elected president of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Signed documents


Trade and economic relations

Turnover (thousand US dollars)



Import (by country of origin)








2 223.9

268 008.5

Main import goods

  • food products
  • products of textile and chemical industries
  • household goods, etc.

Main export goods

  • raw and processed leather
  • jewelry
  • various metal products


Updated on 10.02.2022

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