Bilateral Relations

European Union European Union

The Republic of Armenia-European Union Partnership

The development of the partnership with the European Union is one of the most important directions of the foreign policy of the Republic of Armenia.

The cooperation with the European Union has greatly contributed to the implementation of reforms in a number of economic sectors in Armenia, in the spheres of justice, public administration, as well as in the establishment of a democratic society, and in strengthening institutions responsible for the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Since the independence of the Republic of Armenia, the European Union has been one of the largest donors providing financial assistance to the development programs in Armenia.

On 31 July 2020, Ambassador Anna Aghajanyan was appointed the Head of the Mission of the Republic of Armenia to the EU. On 17 September 2019, Ambassador Andrea Wiktorin was appointed the Head of the EU Delegation to Armenia.

 

The Republic of Armenia-European Union Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA)

The legal basis of the partnership between Armenia and the European Union is the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement (CEPA) signed on 24 November 2017. The Agreement entered into force on 1 March, 2021.

In order to effectively implement the Agreement, the Interagency Commission, tasked with the coordination of the CEPA,  developed a roadmap for the implementation of the provisions of the CEPA. It consists of more than 300 measures related to various fields, including education, science, health, social protection, infrastructure, economy, environment, etc.

The Agreement created an institutional framework for the partnership. The highest political body, envisaged by the CEPA is the Republic of Armenia-European Union Partnership Council, oversees and evaluates the implementation of the Agreement.

The other statutory bodies provided for in the Agreement are the Partnership Committee and the Trade Configuration Partnership Committee, as well as the Partnership Subcommittees.

 

Partnership Council

The sessions of the Partnership Council of the Republic of Armenia-European Union take place once a year in Brussels. The last (3rd)  session of the Partnership Council took place on 17 December, 2020.

 

The Republic of Armenia- European Union Partnership Committee

The sessions of the Republic of Armenia-European Union Partnership Committee take place once a year, respectively in Yerevan and Brussels. In 2020 and 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic the sessions of the Republic of Armenia-European Union Partnership Committee were not held. The last session took place on December 16, 2019 in Brussels.

The last session of the Republic of Armenia- European Union Trade Configuration Partnership Committee took place on 17 October, 2019 in Brussels.

 

Partnership Subcommittees

Sessions of the the Partnership Subcommittees are usually held once a year, in particular:

  • The 7th session of the Armenia-EU Subcommittee on Energy, Transport, Environment, Climate Action and Civil Protection took place on March 11-12, 2020 via VTC.
  • The 2nd session of the Armenia-EU Subcommittee on the Economic Cooperation and Other Related Sectorstook place on 14-15 September, 2020 via VTC.
  • The 2nd session of the Armenia-EU Subcommittee on the Geographical Indications took place on 24 March, 2021 via VTC.
  • The 7th session of the Armenia-EU Subcommittee on Employment and Social Affairs, Public Health, Training, Education and Youth, Culture, Information Society, Audio-visual, Science and Technology ("People-to-People contacts")took place on 30 September, 2021 via VTC.
  • The 11th session of the Armenia-EU Subcommittee on Justice, Freedom and Security took place on 27 May, 2021 via VTC.

 

Visits

EU

December 2021

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

December 2021

Deputy Prime Minister Mher Grigoryan

December 2021

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ararat Mirzoyan

November 2021

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ararat Mirzoyan

June 2021

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

December 2020

Minister of Foreign Affairs Ara Aivazian

October 2020

President Armen Sarkissian

March 2020

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

June 2019

Minister of Foreign Affairs Zohrab Mnatsakanyan

March 2019

Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan

 

Armenia

July 2021

President of the European Council Charles Michel

July 2021

European Commissioner for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Olivér Várhelyi

February 2020

Vice President of the European Commission Margaritis Schinas

July 2019

President of the European Council Donald Tusk

June 2019

European Commissioner for Digital Single Market and Vice President of the European Commission Andrus Ansip

January 2019

European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations Johannes Hahn

Download the full list of visits here.

 

On 7 July, 2003 the European Union, in order to be more involved in the South Caucasus region in general and in the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, decided to establish a new position of the EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus. In 2008, after the Georgian-Russian war, by the decision of the Council of the European Union, the position of the EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus was transformed into the EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the Crisis in Georgia. Since November, 2017 Toivo Klaar has been appointed as the EU Special Representative for the South Caucasus and the Crisis in Georgia. He is the fourth EU Special Representative in the South Caucasus region. In 2019-2022 the latter visited Armenia for 14 times.

 

Legal partnership between the Republic of Armenia and the European Union

A number of agreements have been signed with the European Union, including in 2021 the following agreements have been signed:

The Republic of Armenia-European Union Common Aviation Area Agreement was signed on November 15, 2021 in Brussels. The agreement now is in the pipeline for ratification.

The Horizon Europe Association Agreement with Armenia was signed on 12 November, 2021 and has entered into force on 11 February, 2022.

Armenia and Europol have signed a strategic cooperation agreement on 16 September, 2021.

 

Migration and Visa Facilitation

On 17 December, 2012, the Agreement between the Republic of Armenia and the European Union on the Facilitation of the Issuance of Visas was signed, and on 19 April, 2013, the Agreement between the Republic of Armenia and the European Union on the Readmission of Persons Residing without Authorization was signed. Both agreements entered into force on 1 January 2014. The Armenia-EU Visa Facilitation Committee and the Armenia-EU Readmission Committee were established to monitor the implementation of the respective Agreements.

The 6th session of the Armenia-EU Joint Visa Facilitation Committee took place on 28 April, 2021 via VTC.

The 7th session of the Armenia-EU Joint Readmission Committee took place on 29 June, 2021 via VTC.

 

Human Rights Dialogue

Since 2009 the annual sessions of the human rights dialogue between Armenia and the European Union have taken place. The sessions usually take place once a year, in Yerevan and Brussels respectively.

The last (11th) session of the human rights dialogue took place on March 25, 2021 via VTC.

 

Eastern Partnership

The Eastern Partnership is one of the most important platforms for cooperation with the European Union. The EaP was established in 2009 as a special dimension of the ENP, in addition to the Nortnern dimension and the Union for Mediterranean. The Eastern Partnership (EaP) is a joint political initiative aimed at deepening relations between the EU, its member states and its six eastern neighbors: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. On 29 July, 2021 Belarus suspended its participation in the Eastern Partnership format.

At the heart of EaP multilateral cooperation are the issues related to the strengthening of the government institutions, economic development, energy efficiency, mobility, as well as the promotion of the people-to-people contacts and other areas, which are regularly discussed during the conferences, working groups at the level of high-ranking officials of the relevant field and at the senior experts.

One of the dimensions of the EaP multilateral cooperation is the Foreign Ministerial and sectoral ministerial meetings, as well as the informal dialogue of the EaP Foreign Ministers, which takes place in the capital of one of the partner countries. Twice a year, the EaP Senior officials meet at the level of the Deputy Foreign Ministers and the EU-accredited EU and EaP ambassadors.

The highest body of the EU Eastern Partnership- the Summit is held every two years. The last summit took place on 15 December, 2021. During the meeting the EaP Joint Declaration was agreed and adopted.

From 2019 to 2021 the Ministerial meetings of the Eastern Partnership were held 7 times, including the Foreign Ministerial Joint Meetings of the Visegrad Group and the Eastern Partnership.

 

Parliamentary Cooperation

The Parliamentary cooperation between Armenia and the EU is actively developing, main bilateral format of which is the Parliamentary Partnership Committee. The Committee consists of Members of the National Assembly of Armenia and the European Parliament (Members of the Delegation for Relations with the South Caucasus in the European Parliament). The annual meetings of the Committee take place respectively in Yerevan, Brussels or Strasbourg.

The parliamentary cooperation platform between the EU and EaP is the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly. Currently the Euronest PA hosts 60 parliamentarians from the European Parliament, and 10 parliamentarians from each EaP country.

The Euronest Parliamentary Assembly has two co-chairs - one represents the European Parliament, the other one represents the legislative body of the one of the EaP countries. 

The Euronest Parliamentary Assembly has 4 standing committees: 1. On Political Affairs, Human Rights and Democracy, 2. On Economic Integration, Legal Approximation and Convergence with EU Policies, 3. On Energy Security, 4. On Social Affairs, Employment, Education, Culture and Civil Society.

 

Trade turnover between the Republic of Armenia and European Union

(thousands/ US dollars)

Year

Export

Import

(by exporting country)

Import

(by country of origin)

 

2019

578,667.3

1,117,342.9

1,077,836.5

2020

429,125.7

935,506.5

856,760.1

2021 (January-October)

551,081.0

811,346.0

740,423.5

 

References

Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement; arm  eng

Roadmap for the implementation of the Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement; https://www.e-gov.am/u_files/file/decrees/varch/2019/19_666_1.pdf

Roadmap for the implementation of the Armenia-EU Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement; https://www.e-gov.am/u_files/file/decrees/varch/2021/05/587_1.pdf

Joint Declaration of the Eastern Partnership Summit (Brussels, 15 December 15, 2021)

The Agreement between the Republic of Armenia and the European Union on the Facilitation of the Issuance of Visas (Եվրոպական միության և Հայաստանի Հանրապետության միջև մուտքի արտոնագրերի տրամադրումը դյուրացնելու մասին համաձայնագիր)

The Agreement between the Republic of Armenia and the European Union on the Readmission of Persons Residing without Authorisation (Հայաստանի Հանրապետության և Եվրոպական միության միջև առանց թույլտվության բնակվող անձանց հետընդունման (ռեադմիսիայի) մասին համաձայնագիր)

 

EU Websites

http://europa.eu/

www.consilium.europa.eu/

www.eeas.europa.eu/

https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/armenia_en

 

Updated on 22.02.2022

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