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International organisations

ORGANIZATION FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION IN EUROPE

The OSCE is one of the largest regional political organizations dealing with the security issues. As of today it encompasses 56 participating states from Europe, Central Asia and North America.

OSCE approaches to security are multidimensional and comprehensive, entailing specific “basket” of issues ranging from the politico-military and economic-environmental aspects to the human dimensions. From the OSCE perspective they are closely interrelated and intertwined and each of the baskets is crucial for maintaining comprehensive and indivisible peace and security in the OSCE area. It therefore addresses a wide range of security-related concerns, including arms control, confidence- and security-building measures, human rights, national minorities, democratization, policing strategies, counter-terrorism, economic and environmental activities etc. Early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation are among the priorities of the Organization. Decisions of the OSCE have politically binding character and are adopted by the rule of consensus.

The OSCE decision-making bodies are:

  • Summit
  • Ministerial Council 
  • Permanent Council 
  • Forum for Security Co-operation 

The OSCE Chairmanship-in-Office (CiO) is set for one year period to lead, coordinate and execute all other duties necessary for the management of the Organization. Current OSCE CiO is Lithuania. It is supported by the former and next Chairmanships, which together with the chairing country form an OSCE Troika – currently Kazakhstan, Lithuania and Ireland. The OSCE secretariat provides operational support to the Organization; it assists the CiO and the participating States in their activities. The secretariat is headed by the Secretary General. It is located in Vienna.

The specialized bodies of the OSCE are.

  • Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) 
  • High Commissioner on National Minorities 
  • Representative on Freedom of the Media

The Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE is the platform of inter-parliamentary relations and cooperation.

The OSCE has established a web of field missions with the aim of organizing its activities more efficiently and better coordinating with the participating States, as well as for raising awareness on the goals and principles of the Organization.
The peace process of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict resolution runs in the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group. The permanent members of the Minsk Group include the following participating States: Belarus, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Finland and Turkey as well as Armenia and Azerbaijan and, on a rotating basis, the OSCE Troika. It is Co-Chaired by France, Russian Federation and the United States of America.

The High Level Planning Group was established within the framework of the OSCE with an open-ended mandate issued on 23 March 1995, aimed at developing a plan for the establishment, force structure requirements and operation of a future multinational OSCE peacekeeping force for the area of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
On 10 August 1995, the OSCE Chairman-in-Office appointed a Personal Representative of the CiO on the Conflict Dealt with by the OSCE Minsk Conference. Ambassador Andrzej Kasprzyk of Poland was appointed Personal Representative in January 1997, after having been Acting Personal Representative since July 1996.

Armenia – OSCE Cooperation

Armenia has acceded to the OSCE Arman Kirakossian, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Armenia to the Republic of Austria.
The OSCE Office in Yerevan was established by OSCE Permanent Council decision of 22 July 1999 and became operational on 16 February 2000 following the ratification by the Armenian National Assembly of the Memorandum of Understanding between the OSCE and the Armenian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The incumbent head of the OSCE Office in Yerevan is Ambassador Sergey Kapinos (since 1 October 2007).

The Delegation of the National Assembly of the RA represents Armenia in the Parliamentary Assembly of the OSCE. It consists of A. Safaryan (Head of the Delegation, “Prosperous Armenia”), A. Davtyan (“Republican Party of Armenia”), Kh. Harutyunyan (“Rule of Law Party”), L. Alaverdyan (Substitute member; “Heritage Party”), and L. Galstyan (Substitute member, “ARF Dashnaktsutyun”).

Main Documents:

  • Helsinki Final Act – 1975 
  • Charter of Paris for New Europe - 1990 
  • Budapest Summit Document – 1994 
  • Lisbon document - 1996
  • Charter for European Security – 1999 
  • OSCE Strategy to Address Threats to Security and Stability in the Twenty-First Century - 2003 
  • Astana Commemorative Declaration - 2010

Useful links:

http://www.osce.org/
http://www.osce.org/cio
http://esbo.urm.lt/
http://www.oscepa.org/
http://www.osce.org/yerevan/ 

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