Bilateral Relations


General information

Turkey officially recognized the Republic of Armenia on 24 December 1991 and till now refuses to establish diplomatic relations with the Republic of Armenia.

In 1993, Turkey unilaterally closed its air and land borders with Armenia. The airspace was opened in 1995 under the pressure of international society. The opening of the land border and establishment of diplomatic relations failed due to a number of Turkey’s preconditions, particularly, to return to Azerbaijan the areas currently under the control of NKR and retain from the international recognition of the Armenian Genocide.

Since 1991, attempts have been made to normalize the bilateral relations, which ended up unsuccessfully because of Turkey’s position.

In 2008, at the initiative of the President of Armenian a new phase of Armenian-Turkish relations was started. As a result, on October 10 2009 in Zurich, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of two countries signed the “Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey” and “Protocol on development of relations between of the Republic of Armenia and the Republic of Turkey”. However, after the signature, Turkey abruptly changed its position and rejected to implement the agreements on the normalization of the relations within a reasonable timeframe and without any preconditions, linking the ratification of the Protocols in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey to the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue.

Taking into account the situation created by Turkey, as well as the call of the Political Council of the parties-members of the ruling coalition, on April 22, 2010 the President of the Republic of Armenia signed a decree on the suspension of the process of ratifications of the Protocols. On February 16, 2015 the protocols were called back from the National Assembly according to the decree signed by President of the Republic of Armenia.


September 6, 2008 Turkish President Abdullah Gul visited Yerevan to watch a football match between the national teams of Armenia and Turkey.
October 14, 2009 President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan visited Bursa on a return visit to watch a football match between the national teams of Armenia and Turkey.
December 12, 2013 In the framework of a session of the BSEC, the delegation headed by Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu arrived in Yerevan.
August 28, 2014 Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia Edward Nalbandian attended the inauguration ceremony of newly-elected president of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Signed documents


Trade and economic realtions

Turnover (thousand US dollars)

  Export Import (according to the country of origin)
2009 1197.5 177648.8
2010 1291.3 210381.2
2011 1049.4 240248.2
2012 927.8 213468.3
2013 1595.6 210702.2
2014 1494.3 232355.4
2015 1344.2 110728.2

Main import goods

food products, products of textile and chemical industries, household goods, etc.

Main export goods

raw and processed leather, jewelry, various metal products


Updated 09.02.2015

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